UPSC Syllabus Outline

student appearing for UPSC Exam

UPSC Syllabus Outline

The UPSC syllabus for the Civil Services Examination (CSE) comprises two stages:

1. Preliminary Examination (Prelims)

The Prelims consists of two objective-type papers:

  • Paper I: General Studies (GS)
    • Current Events of National and International Importance
    • History of India and Indian National Movement
    • Indian and World Geography – Physical, Social, Economic Geography
    • Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues
    • Economic and Social Development – Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives
    • General Science and Technology
    • Environmental Ecology, Biodiversity and Climate Change
    • Disaster Management
    • Internal Security
    • Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude
  • Paper II: CSAT (Civil Service Aptitude Test)
    • Comprehension
    • Interpersonal Skills including Communication Skills
    • Logical Reasoning and Analytical Ability
    • Decision Making and Problem Solving
    • General Mental Ability
    • Basic Numeracy (Numbers and their relations, Orders of Magnitude, etc.)
    • Data Interpretation (Charts, Graphs, Tables, Data Sufficiency etc.)
    • English Language Comprehension skills (Passage & Comprehension)

Clearing the Prelims is mandatory to qualify for the Mains.

2. Main Examination (Mains)

The Mains consists of nine papers:

  • Paper A: Essay
  • Paper B-E: General Studies (GS)
    • Paper B: Indian History and Culture, World History
    • Paper C: Geography
    • Paper D: Polity, Governance, Social Justice and International Relations
    • Paper E: Economy, Environment and Science and Technology
  • Paper F: Optional Subject I
  • Paper G: Optional Subject II
  • Paper H: Qualifying Language Paper I (English)
  • Paper I: Qualifying Language Paper II (Any Indian Language listed by UPSC)

Optional Subjects: There are 26 optional subjects offered by UPSC, categorized into Humanities, Social Sciences, Science & Technology, and Language. Some popular options include:

  • Literature
  • History
  • Public Administration
  • Sociology
  • Law
  • Geography
  • Economics
  • Commerce
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Mathematics
  • Agriculture
  • Engineering

Here’s a table summarizing the UPSC syllabus:

PrelimsPaper I (General Studies)Current events, history, geography, polity, economics, science, and technology.
Paper II (CSAT)Comprehension, logical reasoning, and analytical ability.
MainsEssay PaperWriting skills, knowledge, and critical thinking.
Four General Studies PapersHistory, geography, polity, economics, science, technology, environment, disaster management, internal security, social justice, international relations, and ethics.
Two Optional Subject PapersChosen from a wide range of options.
Two Language PapersEnglish and any Indian language listed by UPSC. (Qualifying in nature)

Additional Resources:

Please note: This is just a general outline of the UPSC syllabus. It’s recommended to refer to the official UPSC website for the latest syllabus and any changes.